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屠鸭课堂▏雅思听力配对题型解析

新闻来源: 英国加油站 于 2017-01-11 5:55:54  敬请注意:新闻来自网络,观点不代表本网立场!





观真题在范围之内

救考生于题海之中




这是一种不太常见的听力题型,这是一种不太好判断的听力题型,这是一种一出现就心里没底的听力题型,这是一种一出现就该报考下一次考试的听力题型。这是雅思听力中的配对题。大部分考生都认为雅思听力考试中的配对题型犹如一团乱麻,剪不断理还乱,这边听到的内容刚刚觉得有配对的可能,后面就出现了差不多的答案来迷惑。下面朗阁老师就带着雅思烤鸭们理清配对题,了解配对题在听力中的特点及解题方法。


特点一:信息量看似小&考试频率低

一般来说配对题的常见题型形式有三种:

第一种是配对选项少于题,例如Cambridge 7 Test 3 Section 3

Questions26-30

In what time periodcan data from the float projects help with the following things?

Writethe correct letter, A, B or C, next to questions 26-30.

A   At present

B   In the near future

C    In the long-term future

26  understanding of El Ni?o                          ....................

27  understanding of climate change               ....................

28  naval rescues                                           ....................

29  sustainable fishing practices                      ....................

30  crop selection                                           ....................

 

第二种是配对选项多于题目,例如Cambridge 5 Test 4 Section 3

Questions28-30

Which opinion doeseach person express about Box Telecom?

Choose your answersfrom the box and write the letters A-F next to questions 28-30.

A    its  workers are motivated

B    it  has too little investment

C    it  will overcome its problems

D   its  marketing campaign needs improvement

E    it  is old-fashioned

F    it  has strong managers

28  Karin               ....................

29  Jason               ....................

30  the tutor          ....................

 

最后一种是配对选项等于题目,即一个萝卜一个坑。(这类题目很少出现,而且错误率太高,错一题的同时相当于错两题)

 

其实在1999年之前,雅思听力是没有配对题目的,它的产生是单选题的一种引申,配对的选项是对题干的解释或者说明。自从配对题出现后,多半题目的出现形势是第一种,也就是选项多于题目,很明显的有些选项是用不上的,大多数的烤鸭们同义词替换的能力和辨识速度有限,如果仅仅看着题目或者配对的信息文字较少而猜来猜去,不错还好,要是错了就会影响其他题目,甚至出现多重错误,影响整体分数。

 

据不完全统计,在2016年的雅思听力考试中,213日的Section 3题型为单选+配对;227日的Section 3题型为单选+配对;35日的Section 3题型为填空+单选+配对;625日的Section 2题型为配对+选择,Section 3为单选+配对;827日的Section 3题型为多选+配对。由此可见,配对题的出现虽然不能和出现率近乎100%的填空和选择题相比较,但是不断上升的出题概率也需要引起烤鸭的重视。


特点二:定位容易&顺序原则

Cambridge 5 Test 4 Section 3为例,朗阁海外考试研究中心的老师建议烤鸭首先抓住顺序性原则,以题干为基础,Q28-30的题目均是人名,不会出现同义词替换,定位非常容易。但是选项很长,干扰性极强,所以不太建议先看选项。

Questions28-30

Which opinion doeseach person express about Box Telecom?

Choose your answersfrom the box and write the letters A-F next to questions 28-30.

A    its  workers are motivated

B    it  has too little investment

C    it  will overcome its problems

D   its  marketing campaign needs improvement

E    it  is old-fashioned

F    it  has strong managers

28  Karin               ....................

29  Jason               ....................

30  the tutor          ....................

 

Transcripts+解析:

Karin: Yes, I think I can dothat. Personally I’ve got great hopes for it. I think it will recover (28). 根据说话的人确定是Karin, 烤鸭们记下的词应该是recover, 那么回顾选项,我们会发现C选项里的overcome its problems解释了recoverThatadvertising campaign they did was very innovative with their products-they setnew trends. The company’s got to recover, don't you think, Jason?

 

Jason: Hmmm-I’m not sure. Ithink it ca but it’s not a forgone conclusion unless they manage to attract theright level of investment. The company definitely needs a boost(29) 根据说话的人确定是Jason, 烤鸭们首先定位到investment, 然后记下need a boost, 那么我们会发现B选项里的too littleinvestment正好匹配。and to attract more highly skilledworkers if their recovery is to be long-lasting. When I was talking to themarketing manager he said to me that he thinks the company had got a greatmanagement team-but he would say that, wouldn’t he?- but they are sufferingfrom having to work with outdated production machinery and that could cost alot to put right.

 

Tutor: Well, personally, l think the stock market is toblame. I think they were expecting too much of the company and then inevitablyit looked had when it didn't perform. The market should have had more realisticexpectations. And I disagree with you about the advertising campaign Karin.That’s where they could do with some innovation(30)根据说话的人确定是Tutor, 烤鸭们首先定位的词是campaign, 然后记下innovation(创新),那么回顾选项,我们会发现D选项里的匹配词也是campaign以及improvementinnovation的同义词转换。- to get sales kick-started.Anyway, let’s see what you come up with… (fade)


特点三:题量小&陷阱多

朗阁海外考试研究中心的老师通过对过去题目的总结,发现配对题的出现总是附带性的(达不到10题),换言之几乎不会独立出现。接下来我们来详细分析一下Cambridge 7 Test 3 Section 3这个选项少于题目的配对题。首先,我们以题目的顺序为定位,26-30的定位词在下文中有标注出来。其次,烤鸭们要明白,一般选项是三个的情况都需要重复使用,在考试中的题目通常是对某种事物有着不同的看法,所以烤鸭们要根据录音表达做出选择。此时的陷阱之一就是:由于选项比较固定,题干中的内容在录音中会出现同义词替换,这样会引起烤鸭们定位困难。另外,说话人的语气和态度也是陷阱之二,烤鸭在做出选择时要听明白录音的言下之意,光听懂字面意思不够。

 

Questions26-30

In what time periodcan data from the float projects help with the following things?

Writethe correct letter, A, B or C, next to questions 26-30.

A   At present

B   In the near future

C    In the long-term future

26  understanding of El Ni?o                         ....................

27  understanding of climate change             ....................

28  naval rescues                                         ....................

29  sustainable fishing practices                   ....................

30  crop selection                                        ....................

 

Transcripts+解析:

You say you’re building models of the world’s oceansystems, but how’re they going to be used? And more importantly, when?

Some of the data has already helped in completingprojects. For example, our understanding of the underlying causes of El Ninoevents is being confirmed by float data. 26)这一句当中的定位词是El Nino, 而这个词出现的句子中的时态是现在进行时,所以对应选项AAnotherway we’re using float data is to help us to understand mechanics of climatechange, like global warming and ozone depletion. That’s part of an ongoingvariability study but the results are still a long way off. 27)这一句当中的定位词是climate change,而这个词出现的句子中出现的时间提示a long way off即需要记下的笔记,所以对应选项CHowever, this is not the case withour ocean weather forecasting. Because we know from the floats what theprevailing weather conditions will be in certain parts of the ocean, we canadvise the navy on search and rescue missions, that’s happening right now. 28)这一句当中的定位词只是navy, rescues在听力原文中和on search并列,而这个词出现的句子中出现的时间提示right now即需要记下的笔记,所以对应选项Aand may yachtsmen owetheir lives to the success of this project. In addition, the float data canhelp us to look at the biological implications of ocean processes.

Would that help with preserving fish stocks?

 

Yes, and advising governments on fisheries legislation.We’re well on the way to completing a project on this, we hope it will helpto bring about more sustainable fishing practices, we’ll be seeing the resultsof that quite soon.29)这一句当中的定位词是fishingpractices, 而这个词出现的句子中出现的时间提示quite soon即需要记下的笔记,所以对应选项B

 

It sounds like the data from floats has lots ofapplications. Yes it does. It’s also a powerful agricultural tool. If wewere aware of what the weather would be like, say next year, we could make surethat the farmers planted appropriate grain varieties to produce the best yieldfrom the available rainfall. That sounds a bit like science fiction, especiallywhen now we can’t even tell them when the draught will break. I agree that thisconcept is still a long way in the future,30)这一句当中的定位词是crop selection,整个录音里并没有出现原词,所以这题较难。Crop(农作物)在录音中的替换是grain(谷物),selection在录音中是farmers planted appropriate grain varieties to produce the bestyield from the available rainfall的解释,整个词出现的句子中出现的时间提示a long way in thefuture即需要记下的笔记,所以对应选项C but it will come eventually and the float data will have made acontribution.

 

那么烤鸭在听完后,朗阁海外考试研究中心的老师再针对选项作出一个整理。例如:


?  atpresent = now / right now / current(ly) / recent(ly)

?  inthe near future = quite / very soon

?  inthe long-term future = a long way in the future / in long term run / a long wayoff


当烤鸭整理成习惯后,也会在后期自己做听力时自发想到这些同义词替换,适时做笔记,录音结束后,根据笔记做配对验证,从而提高做题的正确率。

 

以上就是朗阁海外考试研究中心针对雅思听力配对题对于烤鸭们的建议以及解题方法,希望考生们在考试中都能取得好成绩。



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